ROS is abbreviation of Robot Operating System. ROS is a highly flexible software architecture for writing robotic software programs.
ROS is open source, a post-operating system, or secondary operating system for robot control. It provides features similar to those provided by the operating system, including hardware abstract descriptions, underlying driver management, execution of common functionality, inter-program messaging, and package management, as well as tool programs and libraries for acquiring, building, writing, and running multi-machine integrated programs.
ROS's primary design goal is to increase code reuse in the field of robotics development. ROS is a framework of distributed processes (or "nodes") that are encapsulated in packages and feature packs that are easy to share and publish. ROS also supports a joint system similar to a code repository, which can also enable engineering collaboration and release. This design enables the development of an engineering implementation to make completely independent decisions (without ROS restrictions) from the file system to the user interface. At the same time, all projects can be integrated with the basic tools of ROS.
Moveit! is the most advanced software for robotic arm movement operations and is used on more than 100 robots. It combines the latest results in motion planning, control, 3D perception, operations control, control and navigation, provides an easy-to-use platform for developing advanced robotics applications, and provides an integrated software platform for the design and evaluation of new robot products in industrial, commercial and research and development fields.